The area now called Nubia extends along the Nile from the
South of Aswan to the town of Dabba, near the Fourth cataract, linking
Egypt - i.e. the northern part of the Nile valley - to the Sudan in
the South. The name Nubia is first mentioned in Strabo's Geographica;
the Greek author is believed to have visited Egypt c. 29 BC.
The etymology of the name Nubia is uncertain, but some researchers
believe it is derived from the Ancient Egyptian nbu, meaning gold, referring
to the gold mines for which Nubia was famous. The name does not appear
in Ancient Egyptian texts. They refer to Nubia generally as Ta-Seti,
meaning "Land of the Bow", a clear reference to the weapon
favoured by the Nubians.